What is Dexedrine?
Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) is an amphetamine, belonging to the group of medicines called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. It is a Schedule II controlled substance. Dexedrine was often used in the late 60s and early 70s as a prescription diet aid, because one of the effects of such stimulant drugs is to suppress appetite. Dexedrine (and its more potent cousin Benzedrine) was also commonly (and illegally) used by college students, either for the stimulant high it provided or as a study aid.
How does Dexedrine work?
This drug works by suppressing all spontaneous behavior. Dexedrine reduces all spontaneous or self generated activates which is shown by the following characteristics: exploration and curiosity, socializing, and an increase in obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
What does Dexedrine look like?
Dexedrine is manufactured in orange 5mg, 10mg, 20mg tablets and 5mg, 10mg, and 15mg clear and brown capsules.
What side effects occur with the use and abuse of Dexedrine?
The side effects that occur with Dexedrine are: addiction, agitation/irritability, insomnia, dry mouth, headache, nausea, weight loss, hallucinations, liver irritation/toxicity, increased heart rate, tics, Tourette’s syndrome, sexual difficulties, behavior disturbances, and thought disorder, elevation of blood pressure, over stimulation, restlessness, dizziness, euphoria, headache, exacerbation of motor skills, diarrhea, and constipation.
What are the symptoms of a Dexedrine overdose?
The symptoms of a Dexedrine overdose are: abdominal cramps, assaultiveness, coma, confusion, convulsions, depression, diarrhea, fatigue, hallucinations, high fever, heightened reflexes, high or low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, nausea, panic, rapid breathing, restlessness, tremor, and vomiting.
What drug interactions occur with the use and abuse of Dexedrine?
The drug interactions which can occur with the use / abuse of Dexedrine are:
- MAO Inhibitors (within 14 days) – serious, even fatal, interactions can occur
- Acidifying agents like guanethidine, reserpine, and fruit juices can lower absorption of Dexedrine.
- Alkalinizing agents such as Diamox (acetazolamide) increase absorption of Dexedrine and other amphetamines.
- Tricyclic antidepressants may increase their levels when taken with Dexedrine. Although tricyclic antidepressants may be used with amphetamines to help make them work better, using the two medicines together may increase the chance of fast or irregular heartbeat, severe high blood pressure, or high fever.
- Thorazine (chlorpromazine), lithium, and Haldol (haloperidol) can lower the effectiveness of Dexedrine.
- Dexedrine increases the effects of norepinephrine.
- Amantadine (Symmetrel), Caffeine (NoDoz), Chlophedianol (Ulone), Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Nabilone (Cesamet), Pemoline (Cylert)- these medicines may increase the stimulant effects of Dexedrine and cause nervousness, irritability, trouble sleeping, and possibly convulsions (seizures).
- Appetite suppressants (diet pills), Medicine for asthma or other breathing problems, Medicine for colds, sinus problems, or hay fever or other allergies (including nose drops or sprays) – these medicines may increase the stimulant effects of amphetamines and cause nervousness, irritability, trouble sleeping, or convulsions (seizures), and affect the heart and blood vessels.
- Beta-adrenergic blocking agents (beta blockers) may increase the chance of high blood pressure and heart problems when taken with Dexedrine
- Digitalis glycosides (heart medicine). Amphetamines may cause additive effects, resulting in irregular heartbeat.
- Meperidine – when Dexedrine is taken at with meperidine, it increases the chances of certain side effects such as fever, convulsions, and even coma.
- Thyroid hormones – The effects either of these hormones or of Dexedrine may increase when both are being taken.